The Troodos National Forest Park is at the centre of the island and covers an area of 9337 hectares. The highest point is Chionistra or Olympos (1952 m) and the lowest is Moni forest (700m). The area is magical and suitable for a variety of activities such as hiking, skiing, mountain cycling, nature study and picnics.
Over 770 plant species have managed to survive, making Troodos NFP the richest botanical garden of Cyprus. The areas geology is of world-wide importance. The worlds best preserv ed ophiological complex is studied by scientists with a view to achieving an understanding of how the oceans crust was created 90 million years ago at the bottom of a vast ocean known to geologists as the "sea of Tethys". Along the trails, one can see samples of plutonic rock which were created by the crystallization of magma which took place 2000-6000 m, under the bottom of the ocean. In the area 10 trails exist covering a total lenght of 50 kms.
Starting point: 300 m from the junction between the Chionistra road and the Troodos - Prodromos road at an altitude of 1850m
Length: 7 kms Time: 21/2 hours
Points of interest: The Pinus Nigra forest, rare species of flora and rocks of the area. Of historic interest are the ruins of rough fortifications built during the final year of the Venetian occupation of Cyprus (1571 AD) by a group of Venetian generals who decided to put up a defence against the Ottomans at that point. It ends at a point on the Atalanti trail.
Atalanti Trail (Circular)
Starting Point: Troodos Square
Length: 12 kms Time: 5 hours
Points of interest: The trail goes around Chionistra at an altitude of 1700-1750 m., passing through dense thickets of Pinus Nigra and Troodos Juniper Phoenicia. One of the largest Junipers which is 800 years old can be found in the area. There is an outstanding view of the entire island. Of particular interest is the entrance to a disused chromium mine which ceased its operations in 1982. At 3 kms from the Troodos Square is a spring with drinking water.
Starting point: 150 m South of Troodos Square. Walkers must either return to the starting point or be picked up at the point where the trail crosses the forest road.
Length: 3 kms Time: 1 hour to return to starting point
Points of interest: Rich vegetation and a breathtaking view from Makria Kontarka.
Kampos tou Livadiou (Circular)
Starting point: The forest road leading to the "Kampos tou Livadiou" picnic site 3 kms from Troodos square and 9 kms from Karvounas.
Length: 3 kms Time: 11/2 hours
Points of interest: A significant number of centuries-old Pinus Nigra. The trail is linked to "Kampos tou Livadiou" picnic site.
Starting point: About 700m from the road between Troodos and Platres near the President s summer residence. Also accessible via a forest road which begins at the tourist road 2 kms from the Square.
Length: 3 kms Time: 11/2 hours
Points of interest: The trail follows a course along Kryos Potamos river, which never runs dry. It passes the Kalidonia Falls and ends at Psilo Dendro, in Pano Platres.
Psilo Dendro - Pouziaris
Starting point: The junction of the Platres - Mesa Potamos forest road and the Moniatis - Platres - Troodos road near Psilo Dendro.
Three different routes start from the above point.
The first route is circular. It passes through dense thickets of Pine to Pouziaris peak, from there to Kaminouthkia stream, then to Vryses and back to the starting point at Psilo Dendro.
Length: 8 kms Time: 3 hours
The second route is an uphill walk towards Pouziaris and ends at a point of the Troodos Square - Makria Kontarka (Persephone) Trail (I) via which one can go to Troodos Square (II).
Length: (I) 7 kms Time: (I) 3 hours
Length: (II) 9.5 kms Time: (II) 4 hours
The third route initially follows the same course as the previous route, up towards Pouziaris, but then takes a secondary forest road to Kryos Potamos at the starting point of the Kalidonia trail.
Length: (I) Psilo Dendro - Kryos Potamos 5 kms Time: (I) 2 hours
Length: (II) Psilo Dendro - Kryos Potamos - Kalidonia Falls - Psilo Dendro 8 kms Time: (II) 3 hours.
Starting Point: Opposite Platres Church
Length: 1.2 kms Time: 1/2 hour
Points of interest: The trail leads to Myllomeris Falls.
Kalopanagiotis - Oikos
Starting Point: Kalopanagiotis village.
Length: 1.5 kms Time: 1hour
Points of interest: The trail passes through the Kykkos Watermill, the Kalopanagiotis spas, the Agios Ioannis Lampadistis Monastery included in the Unesco World Cultural Heritage List, the spring of Faragga where one can have a rest and ends in the village of Oikos Marathasas.
Kampos tou Livadiou - Agios Nikolaos tis Stegis Church, Kakopetria
Starting Point: Kampos tou Livadiou, 2kms from the Troodos Square on the road to Karvounas.
Length: 8 kms Time: 31/2 hours
Points of Interest: The trail passes through thickets of Pinus Nigra and follows a course along the edge of cliffs with a view towards the Potamos tou Chromiou (stream). The trail ends at the loose surface road Platania - Apotheri - Agios Nikolaos where one can choose between three routes which end at the Agios Nikolaos tis Stegis Church, included in the Unesco World Cultural Heritage List, Kakopetria village or the Platania pic-nic site.
The picturesque village of Gerakies is situated in the beautiful Marathasa Valley 65 kms from Lefkosia. It is built on the slope of a mountain, amid rich vegatation, on the fringes of the Pafos Forest.
Starting point: Top Trees Hotel
Length: 4 kms Time: 2 hours
Points of interest: The trail takes an upward course to the fire station, progresses along the mountain crest, and then descends to the village centre.
Cyprus is known for its extensive trail network through the Troodos Mountains. In all, there are 48 well marked trails covering 200km with varying levels of difficulty.