From Chamonix to Zermatt, the skiers Haute Route (aka High Route or Mountaineers Route) glacier trek is a multi-day backcountry route along Alps with stays in catered huts. Along the way, you will be treated with huge glacial views, rugged peaks and beautiful valleys. It generally takes about a week of hut-to-hut skiing (along with some crampon hiking) to complete. The huts are managed by the Swiss Alpine Club. A guide is highly recommended.
Keep in mind that this route is not the same as the so-called Hikers Haute Route which is a lower level travers on hiking trails with lodging mainly in hotels instead of high altitude huts.
The winter Haute Routes original line which involves long climbs and mountaineering with ice axe and crampons:
Day 1: Argentiere village, France, over the Col du Chardonnet and the Fenetre du Saleina to the Trient hut.
Day 2: Champex-Lac via the Val dArpette. Bus or taxi to Bourg-St.Pierre.
Day 3: Long climb up to the Valsorey hut on the shoulder of Grand Combin.
Day 4: Over the Plateau du Couloir and down the Glacier du Mont Durand to the Chanrion hut.
Day 5: A long climb up the Otemma glacier to the Vignette hut.
Day 6: A long day to Zermatt over the Col de l Eveque, Col du Mont Brulé and Col de Valpelline, then a long descent under the shoulder of the Matterhorn and Dent dHerens.
As an alternative, there is the Verbier Variation which offers the purest skiing line, and the most frequently done:
Day 1: Argentière, France, over the Col du Chardonnay and the Fenetre du Saleina to the Trient hut.
Day 2: Champex-Lac via the Val dArpette. Bus or taxi to Verbier and the Mont Fort hut.
Day 3: Over the Rosablanche to the Prafleuri hut.
Day 4: Around Dixence reservoir and up to the Dix hut.
Day 5: Over the Pigne dArolla to the Vignette hut.
Day 6: A long day to Zermatt over the Col de lEveque, Col du Mont Brulé and Col de Valpelline, then a long descent under the shoulder of the Matterhorn and Dent dHerens.
Day 7: Optional extension to Saas-Fee over the Adler Pass.
Note: Most of the maps of this route are compiled using the Swiss Grid with the CH-1903 map datum. Make sure to set your GPS unit accordingly.
Overall, Haute Route is the 14th most popular cross country ski area of all 19 Nordic ski destinations in France.